Examples of Reference List in Vanvcouver Style

(Source  :   https://www.ntnu.edu/viko/vancouver-examples)


Rang HP, Dale MM, Ritter JM, Moore PK. Pharmacology. 5th ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone; 2003


Bick J. 101 thing you need to know about Internet law [Internet]. New York: Three Rivers Press; 2000 [cited 2004 Mar 30]. Available from: http://site.ebrary.com/lib/ntnu/

Book Chapter

Beizer JL, Timiras ML. Pharmacology and drug management in the elderly. In: Timiras PS, editor. Physiological basis of aging and geriatrics. 2nd ed. Boca Raton: CRC Press; 1994. p. 279-84,

Glennon RA, Dukat M. Serotonin receptors and drugs affecting serotonergic neurotransmission. In: Williams DA, Lemke TL, editors. Foye's principles of medicinal chemistry. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2002.

Book with an Editor

Fermann G, editor. International politics of climate change: key issues and critical actors. Oslo: Scandinavian University Press; 1997.

Beers MH, Porter RS, Jones TV, Kaplan JL, Berkwits M, editors. The Merck manual of diagnosis and therapy. 18th ed. Whitehouse Station (NJ): Merck Research Laboratories; 2006

 Journal Articles

Kwan I, Mapstone J. Visibility aids for pedestrians and cyclists: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials. Accid Anal Prev. 2004;36(3):305-12.

Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:284-7.

More than six authors:

Rose ME, Huerbin MB, Melick J, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Res. 2002;935(1-2):40-6.

Conference Papers

Nørvåg K. Space-efficient support for temporal text indexing in a document archive context. In: Koch T, Sølvberg I, editors. Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries. 7th European Conference, ECDL 2003. Berlin: Springer; 2003. p. 511-22.

Newspaper Articles

Ringen S. La ikke Erna Solberg rasere det lokale folkestyre. Aftenposten. 2004 Mar 25:10.

Dissertation or Master/Bachelor Thesis

Hasund IK. The discourse markers like in English and liksom in Norwegian teenage language : A corpus-based, cross-linguistic study [dissertation]. Bergen: University of Bergen; 2003.

Public Information (NOU)

NOU 2010: 13. Arbeid for helse: Sykefravær og utstøting i helse-og omsorgssektoren. Oslo: Departementenes servicesenter, Informasjonsforvaltning; 2010.

Public Information (white paper)

Meld. St. 29 (2012-2013). Morgendagens omsorg. Oslo: Helse- og omsorgsdepartementet; 2013.


International Organization for Standardization. ISO Standard No. 10821. Industrial sewing machines — Safety requirements for sewing machines, units and systems [Internet]. Geneva: ISO; 2005 [cited 2015 May 20]. Available from: http://www.standard.no/no/Nettbutikk/produktkatalogen/Produktpresentasjon/?ProductID=113554


Report [print] 

Holm A. Nye standarder i gamle bygg. Oslo: By- og regionforskningsinstituttet NIBR; 2016. NIBR-rapport 2016:14.

Report accessed on the Internet

Lourey C. A contributing life: the 2012 national report card on mental health and suicide prevention [Internet]. National Mental Health Commission [cited 2015 Jun 29].  Available from: http://www.mentalhealthcommission.gov.au/media/39273/NMHC_ReportCard_Lo-res.pdf

Report on the Internet with no identified author

Australian influenza surveillance report [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing; 2011 [cited 2011 Sept 2]. Report No.: 12. Available from: http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/cda-ozflu-no12-11.htm/$file/ozflu-no12-2011.pdf

Web page

Kapperud G. Utbruddsveilederen [Internet]. Oslo: Folkehelseinstituttet; 2016 [cited 2016 Jun 30]. Available from: https://www.fhi.no/nettpub/utbruddsveilederen/

Web page with Organization or Institution as author

World Health Organization. Drinking water [Internet]. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2015 Jun [cited 2015 Jul 20]. Available from: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs391/en/

Web page without an identified auhthor

eatright.org [Internet]. Chicago: Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics; c2017 [cited 2017 May 27]. Available from: http://www.eatright.org/ 

Drug-interactions.com [homepage on the Internet]. Indianapolis: Indiana University Department of Medicine; 2003 [updated 17 May 2006; cited 30 May 2006]. Available from: http://medicine.iupui.edu/flockhart/


Dorland’s illustrated medical dictionary [Internet]. 32nd ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier; 2012. Acanthocyte; [cited 2013 May 18]; p. 9. Available from: http://....

The Oxford concise medical dictionary. 6th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2003. p. 26.

 Articles not in English

Forneau E, Bovet D. Recherches sur l'action sympathicolytique d'un nouveau dérivé du dioxane. Arch Int Pharmacodyn. 1933;46:178-191. French.

Ellingsen AE, Wilhelmsen I. [Disease anxiety among medical students and law students]. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2002;122(8):785-7. Norwegian

Government Publications

Australian Bureau of Statistics. General Health Survey: summary of results, Australia 2014 [Internet]. 2015 [cited 2015 Jul 14]; ABS cat. no. 4159.0. Available from: http://www.abs.gov.au